In case of numerous diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys, heart, as well as during the period of rehabilitation after the surgeries, a gentle diet, developed by the famous nutritionist M.I. Pevznerom. A sparing diet is a health-improving nutrition aimed at maintaining the body, saturating it with all the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements, cleansing from toxins and slags.
The essence of a sparing diet
Sparing diet – nutritional methodology that provides favorable conditions for recovery. In some cases (with oxaluria, gout) is an effective way to treat the disease, excluding additional medication. The main essence of a sparing diet is the transition to proper, healthy food, aimed at alleviating the digestive system.
Sparing diet involves fractional nutrition. You should eat 5-6 times a day, but in small portions (250 g). On average, the daily caloric intake should be 2000 Kcal. All food consumed must be freshly prepared from quality products.
Meals should be at room temperature for better absorption of all nutrients. Extreme food temperatures (hot or cold) put an additional burden on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, which is unacceptable in the treatment of any disease.
A sparing diet allows for differences in the use of protein foods (for example, in kidney diseases, their number is strictly limited), water, complex carbohydrates (they should be reduced in case of high acidity, increased in lowered acidity). Meat and poultry should be boiled first, and then cook dishes from them. Boiling, stewing, baking in the oven, cooking steamed dishes are allowed. Consumption of table salt is limited to a minimum, and spices and spices are completely excluded.
- Flour products from wheat flour
- Bread and Bakery Products Containing Yeast
- Yeast dough pastry
- Fatty and fried dishes
- Fast food
- Spicy spices, seasonings and spices
- Products that contain preservatives
- Energy and carbonated drinks
- Alcoholic beverages.
When prescribed a sparing diet?
Sparing diet prescribed for the following diseases:
- Acute gastrointestinal diseases
- Acute and chronic gastritis
- Low or high acidity of the stomach
- Stomach ulcer
- Diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts
- Liver diseases
- Renal failure
- Lymph node inflammation
- Joint diseases
- Urolithiasis disease
- Disruption of the central nervous system
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system
- Heart failure
- Infectious diseases
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
- In the postoperative period.
Features of the diet in diseases of gastrointestinal
A sparing diet suggests some features, depending on the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In diabetes, adjustments are made to the basic principles on the restriction in the diet of carbohydrates, animal fats, egg yolks, and by-products.
In case of cardiovascular diseases it is necessary to reduce carbohydrates in the diet, eliminate tea, limit fat intake.
In renal diseases, protein products are limited. Salt is completely excluded, and the amount of fluid consumed per day is reduced to 1 liter.
Gastritis – a disease caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, as well as improper diet (frequent snacks with dried meat, food poisoning, smoking, alcohol abuse, etc.). There are acute and chronic gastritis. A sparing diet for chronic and acute gastritis is a therapeutic technique that allows you to completely cure the disease. It consists in a fractional diet (every 3 hours) in small portions (up to 250 grams), for better digestion of food.
Sparing diet with gastritis allows the use of dishes in boiled, baked, stewed, steamed. The consistency of the food consumed is also important. Porridge should be boiled, not crumbly. Low-fat meat is recommended to be used in the form of steamed meatballs or meatballs. The temperature of food should be at room temperature in order not to injure the walls of the stomach. Vegetables and fruits should be heat treated, as they contain coarse fiber (with the exception of bananas).
A sparing diet for gastritis involves the exclusion of freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices, whole milk, rich meat broths, seasonings (including onions and garlic), smoked meats, fatty meat and fish, in addition to the above prohibited foods.
The menu for one day with acute and chronic gastritis (breakfast, snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner):
- Oatmeal on water. Kissel
- Cottage cheese soufflé
- Mushroom cream soup. Boiled Chicken Breast
- Mashed potatoes. Stewed meatballs.
After intestinal infection
A sparing diet after an intestinal infection is aimed at normalizing the work of the gastrointestinal tract and restoring the water-salt balance in the body.
A sparing diet after an intestinal infection involves eating foods that do not irritate the esophagus, intestines, and stomach. Meals should be pureed or semi-liquid consistency, room temperature, steamed or boiled. Before use, all products are thoroughly crushed. Eating after an intestinal infection should be 5-6 times a day in small portions.
The average caloric intake of a daily ration for an adult after an intestinal infection should be about 2000 Kcal, and after an improvement in well-being it rises to 3000 Kcal. Restrictions are imposed on the use of salt (up to 10 grams per day) and sugar (up to 40 grams). The volume of fluid consumed per day should be at least 2-2.2 liters. It is allowed to drink water without gas, rice broths, dogrose tinctures, weak teas with sugar.
Menu for the day after intestinal infection:
- Semolina on water
- Dogrose sweetened sweetened
- Vegetable cream soup with crackers. Beef souffle
- Berry Kissel
- Mashed potatoes. Steamed veal cutlets
- Currant jelly.
After removal of the gallbladder
Sparing diet after removal of the gallbladder belongs to the category of medical. The most stringent restrictions are imposed on the first day after surgery. On the first day it is forbidden to drink water, just moisten the lips with water or unsweetened broth hips. On the second day, 1 liter of water or a decoction of berries without sugar is allowed. On the third day, drink non-fat kefir, weak tea with sugar or compote of dried fruit. You can drink 150 ml every 3 hours, while the volume of liquid drunk per day should not exceed 1.5 liters.
On the fourth day after the removal of the gallbladder with a sparing diet, the following are allowed: mashed potatoes, cream soup made from light broth or vegetables, pumpkin, apple, carrot juice, scrambled eggs made from egg whites, boiled fish, berry jelly. Eat often (7-8 times a day). The volume of one serving should not exceed 200 gr.
A sparing diet a week later and for the next 1.5 months after removal of the gallbladder suggests six meals a day in small portions. Dishes are boiled or steamed. Fruits and vegetables are thermally processed. The use of lean meat, poultry, fish, dairy and dairy products is allowed.
Menu for one day after removal of the gallbladder:
- Porridge on milk
- Berry Kissel
- Celery Soup Steamed meatballs
- Omelet from 2 egg whites
- Mashed potatoes. Boiled rabbit fillet
- A slice of cottage cheese pudding.
After removal of the adenoids
A sparing diet after removal of the adenoids is aimed at preventing possible bleeding, inflammation of the nasopharynx. Observe a sparing diet after surgery to remove the adenoids is necessary for 2-3 weeks.
It is forbidden to eat hot and solid foods. Prohibited fatty, fried, spicy, pickled, pepper, sour fruits and vegetables, canned food, confectionery.
In the first week, the use of kefir, cottage cheese, carrot juice, cereal (semolina, oatmeal, buckwheat), stewed vegetables is allowed.
In the second week, you can gradually enter into the diet lean meat, fish, poultry, chicken liver, soups. Fruits are permitted without restrictions.
Sample menu on the day in the second week after removal of the adenoids:
- Buckwheat porridge with milk
- 2 bananas
- Chicken soup with pieces of poultry meat. Mashed potatoes with beef meatballs
- Rice porrige. Boiled fish. Vegetable stew.
Is it possible to lose weight on a sparing diet for gastrointestinal diseases?
The sparing diet is prescribed in case of numerous diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; it is characterized by balance and optimal caloric content of the daily diet. The therapeutic diet is aimed at restoring the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys, helps to eliminate toxins and wastes from the body, saturating it with useful vitamins and minerals necessary for normal life.
Many people who want to lose weight, wondered whether the therapeutic diet helps to lose weight. Due to the basic principles of a sparing method of nutrition, all harmful products (sweets, pastry and flour products, fatty and fried foods, spices, alcohol), leading to weight gain, are reduced from the diet. The results will not be as impressive as when observing strict monodiets (for example, on apples or kefir), weight loss will be slow, but stable.
On average, a week of compliance with a sparing diet can lose weight by 3-4 kilograms, depending on the initial weight. Observing the basic principles of nutrition according to the method of treatment in the future, the lost kilograms will not return again. The benefits of losing weight with a sparing technique also include the elimination of fasting, weakness, dizziness. Disadvantages of this method of weight loss is not.