Now many homeowners and summer residents grow a beautiful hedge on the plot, from which to make it, many novice gardeners and just good citizens do not know, and not to be mistaken with the choice, you should pay attention to trees and shrubs, short and evergreen, tall, prickly, fruit, flowering, for example, from thuja, hawthorn, spruce, Scots pine, cypress, yew, barberry, spirea, fir, cornel, juniper and other coniferous and deciduous crops …
Living Fences – Living Fence Categories
There is a lot of information about the various types of fencing for the site – wooden, metal, stone or from the grid. But special attention should be paid to hedges, which perfectly cope with the functions assigned to them. Detailed instructions on how to better make a hedge will help determine the type of fencing and truly transform the appearance of the site.
To begin with, you should familiarize yourself with the rich variety of living fences, in order to decide on the most suitable trees or shrubs for your site. Firstly, they are usually divided into 2 large categories – freely growing and formed, and in most household plots and summer residences, the latter category is most often used.
- Divide the green fence and height:
- more than 2 m – tall
- 0.5 – 2 m – medium tall
- no more than 0.5 m – low
Depending on the biological characteristics of different types of plants and varieties, there are hedges:
Cotoneaster hedge – on photo Vladimir Lyapchev’s work
Below will be considered plants for hedges, which will fit into the overall landscape design harmoniously and allow you to give any site a unique look.
Evergreens for Hedge
The use of evergreen plants for borders and fences is very popular. And this is nothing special, because they are distinguished by the following list of useful features:
- allow to form high density fences
- easily tolerated shearing to give a certain shape
- differ in the excellent decorative effect which is kept throughout all year
- have shoots with a slow growth rate, which helps to keep a neat shape and appearance for a long time
In addition to all of the above, the hedge is a fast-growing perennial and evergreen, will not differ in the complexity of care.
Taking into account the peculiarities of the Russian climate, the following plants will serve as the best choice for fencing – thuja western, spruce of different varieties, common juniper and pine (mountain dwarf). To correct one of the weak features of conifers in the form of monotony, allow unique varieties that have needles with a golden shade and silver. An excellent option would be to combine the coniferous plants with deciduous, which will give the fence variability and color, and diversify landscape design.
Deciduous crops for live fence
Coniferous plants for a living fence are a real classic, but if you want to give home garden originality, you should give preference to deciduous crops, which are distinguished by the following characteristics:
- good adaptation to central Russia with its climate
- no requirements for special conditions
- good trim tolerance
- allow you to change the appearance of the site, depending on the season
- formation of sufficiently dense crown
When choosing plants from this category, winter-hardy and unpretentious varieties with small leaves with strongly spinning shoots should be preferred. These include the following ornamental shrubs for hedges – blackthorn with kargana, snowdrop, small elm, elder and spirea, and you can also include Kalina with laurel cherry, honeysuckle with chokeberry, hawthorn with irga and currants.
The diversity of the fence will help to give the turf with barberries, and lush flowering – spirea with chubushnikom, mountain ash, hydrangea and viburnum. Good will look in the fence fruit plants in the form of thorns, shadberries, barberries and golden currants. And the special charm of a hedge will be given by the white turf, characterized by changing appearance on seasons.
Fences growing freely
Many wonder what it is better to make a hedge when there is no time to engage in trimming and shaping? In this case, it makes sense to consider the option of a freely growing fence, which will be different natural beauty and seem somewhat airy from the side. But in fact, the intertwining branches of the fence allow you to create an impassable and durable frame, and for this it is enough to plant the plants with a small distance relative to each other.
When planting a hedge it is worth considering that the crowns of plants will actively grow, taking a lot of space. Therefore, it is worthwhile to plant a hedge of juniper, euonymus or quince in the form of a low-growing border in small areas. Large areas will allow the use of fruit species with flowering and deciduous, among the most unpretentious are Tatar honeysuckle with chubushnik, elderberry, barberry, lilac, mountain ash, park roses.
The protective function of the fence will be given by the second tier, which can be low or high relative to the first. If you make it in the form of a border or wall, you can limit and support the growth of lilacs, roses (park), hydrangeas and other plants and such an original hedge in winter will allow you to maintain a dense structure, and if it has been used hvoyniki – opacity.
Important points in creating a hedge
The most important and the first rule in the independent creation of any fence is a thoughtful and precise plan. Fences up to 2 m in height will help determine the external boundaries on the site, which can be even higher with close proximity to busy roads or highways, and curbs about half a meter high will help to zone the space from the inside.
It is also necessary to calculate the total number of plants. On each running meter the hedge should be planted:
- from 1 to 2 large plants (in the form of common lilac, hawthorn, chokeberry)
- no less than 3 medium height plants (viburnum with turf, barberry)
- from 5 to 7 low shrubs (spirea, separate varieties of thuja for hedge and euonymus)
Planting selected plants should be carried out in the spring. If multi-row hedges are provided, seedlings should be laid in a staggered manner. In a hedge with formation, plants need to be planted close to each other, and when planted in a free type, further.
Traditional fences made of metal, mesh, wood are able to provide reliable protection of the site. But harmoniously fit into the general landscape tend to live only hedges, creating an amazing atmosphere of warmth and comfort. And many owners give priority to this type of fencing, which is why today the information about the hedge – what it is better to make is so relevant.