Главная 7 Health 7 Down syndrome

Down syndrome

Children with Down syndrome have difficulty remembering numbers and words, unlike other children. In this they can be helped by learning with the help of a song or dance, which, besides the teaching function, is a pleasure.

With the help of singing and music, children with Down syndrome learn to distinguish sounds by hearing, develop their imagination and learn to express their thoughts through words, music, movements and gestures. In singing, you can repeat the same words to memorize them in a pleasant and creative way. Teaching a child a simple song may seem like a difficult task, but it is worth it, because through this method the child will learn new words and be able to apply them in everyday life. A child with Down syndrome also often uses whole phrases from songs in everyday communication. At the same time, children also learn to rhyme words, which develops their creative potential.

Singing also develops these children reading skills. When singing, children utter words in syllables, which helps them learn to read. Also, when singing, children learn new words for them, which can be explained in the song itself, which helps them better remember the meaning of the new word.

If singing is accompanied by dancing or other movements, it helps to improve their coordination of movement. This method develops memory and figurative thinking in children. Singing also improves children’s health through proper breathing and improved blood flow to the lungs.

The ideal is the option when a child with Down syndrome learns by singing in a group of such children. This allows them to exchange opinions and learn from each other.

Many mothers of children with Down syndrome begin to blame themselves for this ailment. However, no one’s fault in this. Chromosome abnormalities can occur regardless of race, climate and other factors.

Down syndrome is not a disease, but a genetic condition in which there is an extra chromosome in the human body. A normal body contains 46 chromosomes. They are arranged in pairs – half of the pairs from the mother, the other half from the father. In Down syndrome, in the 21st pair there are not 2, but 3 chromosomes, therefore, 47 chromosomes appear in the cells. In such cases, parents usually have no problems at the gene level. The presence of this chromosome leads to the fact that the child develops more slowly, learns more slowly and worse. This does not mean that the child will not develop at all. Children with Down syndrome are learnable, it’s just that the learning process is a little slower and more difficult. In addition, each child is individual, with a set of characteristics and abilities inherent only to him alone.

If a child with Down syndrome grows in love and care, he develops much faster and easier. For them, a positive attitude towards themselves is very important. Therefore, it is much better for such a child to grow up in a family, and not in a boarding school.

Another myth is the misconception of people with Down syndrome aggressive people who are dangerous to society. In fact, people with Down syndrome are very friendly, but like any person, their mood can change. In the history there is no crime committed by a person with Down syndrome.

Scientists from India have found that the development of Down syndrome in a child depends on the age of the grandmother on the mother’s side. The older she was at the birth of her daughter, the higher the likelihood that the daughter will have a child with this disease.

Scientists believe that this is the root cause of the development of this disease, although they do not deny that the age of the mother and the father also affect the appearance of this deviation in the child. For a 25 year old woman, the risk of having a child with Down syndrome is 1: 1400, while for a 35 year old woman, the risk is 1: 350. Many women give birth to their first child up to 35 years old, and yet there are more and more children with this disease. Therefore, it is important to determine which causes, other than the age of the mother, can lead to the development of this disease.

As a result of research, it was found that the development of Down syndrome is influenced by the age of the mother, the age of the father, and closely related marriages; however, the most important reason was the age of the mother’s grandmother. So far, scientists are not entirely clear exactly how the age of the grandmother contributes to the development of this disease in their grandchildren. However, it has been established that future eggs pass the first division very early, during the stay of the female embryo in the womb. Then the division of chromosomes takes place, which can be right and wrong.

Newborn girls already have future eggs that have gone through the first division, and some of them already carry the extra 21st chromosome. If these eggs are fertilized, then the child is born to the mother with Down syndrome. The number of incorrectly divided cells in a newborn girl depends on the age of the mother. However, even during early childbirth it is not always possible to avoid the appearance of this disease in a child.

Down syndrome occurs in one child out of 800, and neither the climate nor any other external factors affect the development of this disease. This disease has not yet been learned to heal, since it is a disease of a genetic nature. It is the most common form of mental retardation. Children with such a disease can learn to read, write, dance, but the learning process is long and hard. The most important thing in the process of development of these children is to provide them with a positive attitude to their environment. It is believed that Down syndrome is incurable, but genetics do not stop their research in this area.

One of the currently used methods of treatment is stem cell therapy. Stem cells are able to heal our bodies and form new cells in the affected area. Stem cells have a positive effect on the immune system, metabolism, cell renewal. They are also able to improve the nutrition of internal organs when making new vascular pathways, bypassing the “old and sick” ones.

In Down syndrome, externally injected stem cells affect the entire body, but primarily the brain. With this method of treatment, brain development is restored and bone growth is normalized, which leads to an improvement in the physical development of the child.

After the treatment of Down syndrome with stem cells, the child becomes socially adapted, easily trained as ordinary children, which makes it possible for him to study in an ordinary school.
It is recommended to begin treatment until the brain is formed. If the brain is already formed, stem cell therapy will not bring results.

One of the important aspects of the full life of a child with Down syndrome is his social integration. Such a child should be introduced as early as possible to his peers in the garden, and then at school. It is necessary to give the child the opportunity to independently choose and make decisions for the development of his cognitive abilities and social self-awareness.
It is necessary to provide the child with the same opportunities as other children.
Let your child choose friends, dress beautifully and fall in love. People with Down syndrome often have their own families. Marital life is very useful for a person with such a disease, since he has the confidence that he has a faithful and good friend. Also, married life stimulates such people to learn new words and skills faster.

Teenagers with Down Syndrome never seek to live life alone. On the contrary, they all want to find a partner in life and start a family. Therefore, when the time comes, it is necessary to advise such a child on matters of matrimonial and intimate life. It is also necessary to distribute the responsibilities of housekeeping among spouses in such couples and be prepared for the fact that at first the new family will have to be supported.
Not all children with this disease grow into mature individuals who can lead a family life. Parents should make sure that the desire to start a family was not a whim, but a conscious decision. There are not many families with Down syndrome, but this experience certainly has a positive effect on the development of both spouses.

In addition to physical features, children with Down syndrome also have physiological features. Such children develop and learn more slowly than healthy children. Almost all people with this syndrome are lagging behind in intellectual development, but most children can learn to walk, talk, read, and write. To do this, it is necessary to select a special training program for them and ensure the right attitude towards them.

There is an opinion that children with Down syndrome are very aggressive, and their aggression can even be directed at people close to them, because, due to their limited abilities, they are not able to distinguish parents from other people. They are given such a quality as stupidity. They have inappropriate behavior and it is impossible to teach them anything. Others are convinced that children with Down syndrome are exceptionally friendly and tender, kind and creative. These children make good dancers and painters, even though their level of mental development is low.

Both of these opinions are erroneous, because every child is a person, regardless of whether he has Down syndrome. Any child can change mood. And, of course, all children with Down syndrome have different levels of intelligence and different talents that need to be developed. The most rapid development of abilities in children can be achieved if the child is surrounded by love and lives in his family. It is not necessary to protect such a child from communicating with others, it will only slow down its development. In childhood, they need to engage in specially selected programs, preferably in a secondary school. The most important thing for the development of such children is to feel a positive attitude towards themselves from the outside world.

Today, fetal Down syndrome can be identified with the help of powerful ultrasound equipment, which allows you to diagnose this ailment in early pregnancy. At 10-12 weeks, you can identify a suspicion of this disease, and from 12 to 16 weeks you can already make an accurate diagnosis. This is done by changing the level of certain proteins in the blood of a pregnant woman. A method was also developed for determining Down syndrome without any intervention by taking and analyzing the blood of a pregnant woman. There are fetal cells in the mother’s blood, but the problem is that they are present in small quantities, so a special technique has been created to collect them. The presence of this disease can also be determined by sampling of the amniotic fluid and by biopsy of the villi of the outer germinal membrane.

Blood diagnosis is not a cheap method, but it avoids surgery in the woman’s body. It is best to combine several methods, then it will be possible to diagnose the presence of Down syndrome by 100%. For up to 16 weeks, it is realistic to determine if the fetus has any developmental abnormalities, and if there are any, terminate the pregnancy.

Get a forecast for the development of this disease in an unborn child is possible only through ultrasound. It is necessary to undergo research even before conceiving a child in order to predict the birth of a child with a particular pathology. Geneticists are engaged in similar analyzes. This disease can be prevented in the first weeks of pregnancy. A woman needs to be protected from poor ecology, strong electromagnetic radiation, and also to take certain vitamins that need to be given several months before conception, since Down syndrome is an incurable disease.

When parents find out that their child has Down syndrome, they need more than one month to accept this fact and continue to live a normal life. Many families recognize that they have changed their outlook and have begun to better understand what is really important in life. The news of the disease can destroy the family, but in many cases it is rallying, which has a beneficial effect on the baby, its development and health.

As soon as a baby with Down syndrome is born, it is very important to make him feel that he is desired and loved. Take him in your arms, hug him and treat him like any child. If the baby has brothers or sisters, it is necessary to talk with them as soon as possible about the characteristics of the newborn.

In the process of developing a baby, it is very important for parents to continue to communicate with their friends, while not forgetting to join the community of parents of children with disabilities. When it is time for a child to go to school, it is necessary to put him in a regular school, which will give him the opportunity to learn how to live among people. If possible, give this child to an ordinary garden, where he can make friends among his peers. This integration of the child into society will help him in the future to find a job, and possibly a life partner.

Children with Down syndrome have a more limited circle of friends, so they are more attached to their parents than their peers. These children can learn a lot from their friends by copying their behavior. The visual perception of such children is well developed, so by copying the actions of other people they can easily learn how to ride a bike or how to behave.

Down syndrome is characterized by mental retardation and other congenital anomalies. In this disease, the features of the face have a Mongoloid appearance with narrow slanting eyes, characteristic of the early stage of fetal development. In this regard, at the end of the 19th century, the disease was described by the scientist Down as Mongolism. He put forward the theory of racial mutation, but the disease itself is in no way connected with race and can be detected in a person of any race. People with this disease, in addition to narrow eyes, also have a small head, short stature, full lips and other abnormal signs.
The mental abilities of such people are greatly reduced, and even the adult level of intelligence remains at the level of a 7-year-old child.

The main cause of this disease is chromosome abnormality, in which patients have 47 chromosomes compared with the normal number of 46 chromosomes. This is caused by disturbances in the maturation of the germ cells, with the result that the child has an extra chromosome. The age of the woman carrying the child directly affects the development of the disease. The older the woman, the greater the likelihood of having a child with this disease. For this reason, doctors conduct various analyzes of pregnant women, over 35, to identify the chromosomal composition of cells. This procedure allows you to identify Down syndrome in the fetus and in time to terminate the pregnancy in order to avoid the birth of a disabled child. Down syndrome is not a hereditary disease and is not transmitted from one generation to another.

To date, there is no way to treat this disease. One can only adapt sick children to social life, but not cure.

The development of children with Down syndrome, as well as the development of healthy children, is greatly influenced by people and the environment around them. Children under 1 year of age with Down syndrome do not differ much from healthy children of the same age. However, due to reduced muscle tone, these children begin to move later, which leads to the fact that they slow down the knowledge of the world, leading to a delay in mental development. Therefore, in the first months of the baby’s life it is recommended to conduct a series of special exercises.

Children with Down syndrome learn to understand words as well as other children, but the process of developing speech in them is disturbed. It is often difficult for such children to pronounce some words, therefore they often resort to sign language. In Down syndrome, the child may be impaired or even lost hearing, which adversely affects his speech abilities.

You should not care too much for your child if he has Down syndrome. It is worth in every way to encourage his curiosity and desire to do something. At the same time treat such a child stands with love and care. Find your child’s strengths and develop them. Often these children have good visual perception and ability to learn visually, so show him different pictures and words as much as possible.

To strengthen the muscles you need to do exercises. During classes, you should change the activities, since children with Down syndrome have a reduced concentration.

It is very important that such a child learn in a regular school. This will contribute to the development of many abilities in the child, as well as teach him social behavior.

In girls with Down syndrome, the menstrual cycle begins at almost the same age as that of ordinary women. It also lasts as much as all the other representatives of the fair sex. If there are any abnormalities, then the girl must be shown to the doctors. If a mother teaches her daughter the rules of personal hygiene on such days, then she will very successfully follow them. If not, then everything falls on the shoulders of the mother.

If we talk about the process of puberty in men with Down syndrome, it also begins at about the same age as that of ordinary males. Some men with this disease may have some structural features of the penis. However, this is extremely rare. These features include: too small testes, abnormalities in the genital area, and some others. In cases where parents have noticed any deviations of this plan, then the teenager is best shown to a pediatric urologist. Most often, men with this syndrome can not have children. Only a few are capable of fertilization.

Scientists around the world have been tormented for quite a long time by the question of infertility of men with Down syndrome. They concluded that the structure of spermatozoa was to blame for everything, as well as their low mobility. As for women with this disease, most of them can experience the joy of motherhood. By the way, if a woman with Down syndrome wants to get pregnant, she can use the help of special dietary supplements that help speed up the moment of fertilization.

Last
questions

Good day! I have two pregnancies ended in interruptions due to the syndrome.

maybe 38 years old will be born a baby down 35 years old pregnant 36 years old rodela baby.

Good afternoon, please help me figure it out, worry to tears. Pevvy

Hello, can you please tell me if the screening can show that child.

The probability of having a child with Down syndrome is 1: 108. Tell me please.

I am 34 years old for my husband, 36 years old (first pregnancy), for a period of 18 weeks. I passed the analysis.

At what time of pregnancy is abortion prescribed when a syndrome is detected in the fetus.

My son has down syndrome mosaicism, a neuropathologist prescribed encephabol.

Hello. I am 39 years old pregnancy 16 weeks. Today received analysis.

Good day. I am 30l, second pregnancy. Handed over to 16ned b / x screening.

О admin

x

Check Also

Hearing loss and deafness – causes, types (neurosensory, conductive, mixed, hereditary), degrees, symptoms, treatment

Hearing loss (bradyacus or hypoacusia) is a hearing impairment of varying severity (from minor to ...

Irritable bowel syndrome – a disease of the body or soul?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome – this is a violation of functions intestines, characterized by various combinations ...