Fatigue is called a special state of the body caused by too much tension of the mind or muscles and expressed in a decrease in efficiency for some time. Often in this case the term “fatigue” is used, but this is not entirely correct. After all, fatigue is a biased assessment of the state, which in some cases is not related to overload. With mental fatigue, a person feels a decrease in concentration, a retardation of thoughts.
- Unbalanced menu,
- Insufficient rest,
- Too active or prolonged physical labor
- Disruption of the thyroid gland,
- Frequent drinking of alcoholic beverages,
- Recent infectious or acute respiratory viral disease (ARVI).
Fatigue and weakness – signs of chronic fatigue syndrome
Often, fatigue is one of the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. In rare cases, fatigue is a special individual characteristic of the nervous system. In this case, it appears from a very early age. Such kids are very calm, they never play noisy and active games for a long time, they are passive and often in a bad mood.
Often, fatigue is caused by certain causes, such as stress, illness, emotional overstrain, changes in activity.
If rapid fatigue is associated with CFS, it is necessarily combined with inability to concentrate, frequent headaches, lethargy, irritability, sleep disturbance, in which a person cannot sleep at night, and goes sleepy all day. Against the background of such a depressed state, a person’s health deteriorates – body weight changes, he can start drinking to relax, pain in the back and joints, indifference to everything, skin diseases and allergies are often exacerbated.
Other signs of chronic fatigue syndrome:
- Impaired concentration
- Sore throat
- Enlarged and painful lymph nodes
- Lethargy, not passing until six months,
- Lack of freshness and activity after sleep,
- Fatigue after very little exertion.
Unfortunately, no tests will detect a health disorder in such a patient. A person puts on a powerful load of problems that he cannot cope with, tries to be the best everywhere and gets chronic fatigue syndrome as a result. The doctor usually diagnoses Neurovegetative Disorder. And the treatment is usually not very helpful. Treatment in this case should be comprehensive.
This is a feeling of complete energy exhaustion, during which you really want to sleep or just lie down. This is a natural reaction of the body with very hard physical labor, with poor rest or emotional overstrain. But sometimes fatigue speaks of a disease of the body or mind.
This symptom is often the only one. In this case, even a good and long rest does not help relieve fatigue.
If fatigue is caused by a disease, it can last as long as you like without improvement, regardless of rest. And sometimes long periods of fatigue may be interspersed with sharp rises in activity.
Increased fatigue is a normal condition for adolescents during puberty. However, an important role in this case is played by the psychological environment in which the child lives. Sometimes, during a depression provoked by problems with studies or parents, a child can sleep for a very long time – this is the protective mechanism used by the body.
Sometimes, increased fatigue is associated with metabolic disorders. If nutrients are processed too quickly and the body does not have time to use them as an energy source or if they are processed for too long. Such a violation may be associated with changes in hormone levels, as well as with eating disorders.
Drowsiness and fatigue – signs of neurasthenia
The combination of these two symptoms often indicates the presence of the so-called neurotic syndrome or asthenia. This is a very common condition that occurs in a third of patients with neurosis.
Such patients are very sensitive to harsh noise, bright light, they often have a headache, they are sore, they feel tired even after a rest. The patient does not feel confident, he is anxious and can not relax. It is difficult for him to concentrate and therefore he becomes absent-minded, the performance of such a patient is greatly reduced. In addition, the patient may have impaired food digestion.
Similar symptoms are characteristic of the hyposthenic form of neurasthenia.
There are two groups of drugs that can significantly affect the reduction of fatigue and increase efficiency.
With increased physical exertion, the body’s need for any kind of vitamins rises sharply. In this connection, it is preferable to use complex preparations, and the best option is a combination of vitamins and microelements. The duration of admission should not be less than a month.
To enrich the diet with vitamins, zinc and iron can be taken Spirulina. There are her combinations with echinacea, rosehip, lemon, royal jelly, propolis. Such combinations make the drug even more effective.
To stimulate the body
Phytopreparations based on Leuzei, Eleutherococcus, Ginseng, Schizandra Chinese are used for this. Simultaneously with the activation of the body, drugs improve immunity, increase sexuality, activate the function of the nervous system.
Carnitine-based preparations are widely used. They normalize cellular energy metabolism, help to cope with increasing physical exertion, reduce muscle fatigue, as cells more easily survive oxygen deficiency and accelerate energy production in them. These drugs are well-studied anabolic properties (accelerating metabolism), so they are very good for heavy physical exertion.
The same effect has drugs based on royal jelly (apilac) and flower pollen. They relieve smooth muscle tension, tone up, relieve stress, inflammation, inhibit the development of microbes and viruses. This is necessary due to the fact that during periods of active work, the body’s defenses are reduced.
The pollen contains hormone-like substances that are strong anabolic. In addition, it contains a mass of amino acids, there are growth factors that help cells regenerate.
To enhance the exchange of energy, you can use drugs of succinic acid, amino acids.
Chronic fatigue due to tissue hypoxia
Thirty years ago nobody knew about chronic fatigue or tiredness. The emergence of this phenomenon is due to frantic loads on the body, including psychological. The higher the load, the greater the body’s need for oxygen. But where to get more? Therefore, every modern person suffers from a lack of oxygen in the tissues. This condition entails a violation of metabolism: increases the use of glycogen, the body accumulates lactic acid, hormones and amino acids. That is, metabolic processes are inhibited, and metabolic products are not removed from the tissues.
With such a state, the immune system cannot protect the body from viruses, germs and fungi. Under normal conditions, all these disease-causing agents are easily destroyed by immune bodies.
From this situation, there are only two options: to supply the body with enough oxygen or reduce the intensity of the loads.
Muscle fatigue is called myasthenia. From the Greek language, this word is translated as weakness. With myasthenia, the muscles are weak, fatigue occurs at the slightest tension. The cause of the disease is not entirely clear, but it is believed that myasthenia gland causes a dysfunction of the thymus gland, in which a special type of autoimmune body is introduced into the blood, changing the movement of the nerve impulse to the muscles. The disease often affects the fairer sex. On average, 4 people out of 100 thousand are ill on the planet.
Any body muscles can be affected, but the muscles responsible for opening the eyes, swallowing, vocal cords, facial muscles are more susceptible.
The patient’s condition gradually deteriorates, with the rate of progression individual.
Treatment is carried out with the help of removal or radiotherapy of the thymus gland. This method helps 70% of patients. Immunosuppressants are sometimes used if removal of the gland does not help.
Mental fatigue. Asthenia
Mental fatigue is a very common complaint. In most cases, this condition is not dangerous and is eliminated by taking adaptogens. But if the patient feels tired after resting, his temperature suddenly increases, pain and insomnia appear, his working capacity drops, and asthenia is most often diagnosed. Asthenia can be observed in both physical and mental illnesses.
From the point of view of medicine, asthenia is a mental disorder in which the patient feels increased mental fatigue, weakness of the body, and instability of the emotional background. Very often there is dizziness, pain in the joints or muscles.
Asthenia can be a combination of completely different symptoms, so there may be intolerance to bright light, sounds, some odors. The patient becomes very sensitive to pain. Some patients become very vulnerable and anxious, while others are sluggish and indifferent to everything.
If the violation is not associated with a disease of the body, then it means functional asthenia, which develops after severe shocks, after pregnancy and childbirth, when drinking and using narcotic substances.
The cause of the development of asthenia can be the use of a variety of medicines: it can be hormonal contraceptive pills, sleeping pills, antihistamines, antipsychotics, tranquilizers, antihypertensive drugs.
If asthenic symptoms are combined with an increase in body temperature, fever, sweating, enlarged lymph nodes and all these ailments last from six months or longer, they may be the only manifestation of encephalitis. Sometimes after the transferred enterovirus, mononucleosis, adenovirus and other diseases, asthenic syndrome can also be observed.
Another cause of mental fatigue may be a violation of metabolic processes. To clarify the diagnosis in this case should be tested for glucose, creatinine, and electrolytes.
Usually, the cause of asthenopia is a long or constant tension of the organs of vision in the vicinity, that is, reading, writing something. There is also the likelihood of developing asthenopia with incorrectly chosen lenses of glasses.
- Pain in the eyes,
- Difficulty focusing eyesight.
If the above symptoms appear suddenly, they may indicate the presence of glaucoma. Therefore, you should visit the consultation of an ophthalmologist.
After some time, the vision at asthenopia falls, the patient begins to squint, it is difficult to distinguish distant objects, it is difficult for him to read.
In order to facilitate the work of the organs of vision, it is necessary to do exercises for the eyes. For example, after each hour of work on the computer, do a rest for a few minutes and look into the distance (out the window). Take complex vitamin-mineral preparations, including: vitamins E, A, B2 and B6, amino acids taurine and L-cysteine, microelements: selenium, copper, zinc, chromium.
But the main thing with asthenopia is not to overwork the eyes. Before bedtime, you need to make a compress with cold water or ice on the eye area, keep it for 10 – 15 minutes. You can do this compress during the day.
In the spring, many people of different ages suffer from depression and fatigue. The lowered emotional background is an excellent soil for various diseases, including nervous ones.
The reason for the spring blues can be a lack of ultraviolet radiation, oxygen, hypodynamia. The probability of the onset of this syndrome increases fourfold in those who spent the winter “lying on the stove”. Such people get sick more easily, their working capacity is reduced, they get tired faster, they are drawn to sleep.
Vitamins in food products will help the body: liver, meat, milk, fruits and vegetables, lean fats. These are vitamins C, D, A, group B, folic acid, beta-carotene. They activate the work of many systems, tone up.
Physical activity is also a great remedy for spring breakdown. Walking in the fresh air, contrasting water procedures will help regulate the functioning of the nervous system, improve the condition of the vessels and strengthen the immune system.
In order to calm loose nerves, you can take a tincture of peony, motherwort, valerian. This will strengthen the body in the fight against stress, will help not to fall into depression and despair. And at the same time, avoid exacerbation of various diseases of the digestive tract organs, which are usually observed against the background of a shaky nervous system.
Fatigue is a very frequent complaint of pregnant women, which is often observed after the birth of the baby. If during normal life, good nutrition and taking medications to relieve the condition, fatigue does not pass, this can be a pathological condition. Similar phenomena are not uncommon in the first and third trimesters. A woman must tell about the complaints to the doctor and undergo a thorough examination.
The deterioration of general well-being in the first trimester of pregnancy is often caused by the appearance of fatigue, bad mood, which usually pass after a good rest. If the feeling of fatigue does not pass, you need to be examined by a doctor. If it is combined with a decrease in body weight, dysfunction of any organs, the woman should be sent to the hospital.
Fatigue is manifested quite strongly in multiple pregnancies, in which case it often manifests itself against a background of high blood pressure, polycystic ovarian disease, or a violation of the hormonal status.
Vyala and powerless, and those future moms who have strong toxicosis, there is frequent and severe vomiting in the first trimester.
In the second and third trimesters, the body weight of a woman increases significantly, which also affects the general condition and is the cause of fatigue. Very often there are violations of the digestive organs, pain in muscles and bones, itching, sleep disturbance. These disorders usually go away on their own after a good rest.
Very quickly tired women with impaired kidney function, polyhydramnios, fatty liver degeneration, non-infectious jaundice. These states of primiparous women suffer worse.
What to do if a woman gets tired quickly, is exhausted, but at the same time she has no physiological abnormalities?
one. Sleep 8 – 9 hours a day, the best time to rest is from 22 to 7 in the morning.
2 Before going to bed it is useful to walk, go to the pool or do light gymnastics.
3 Before going to bed, air the room well.
four. Take a shower before bed.
five. Drink 200 ml of slightly warmed milk with a spoon of honey.
6 Eat a piece of boiled turkey – it contains the substance tryptophan, which improves sleep.
7 For the convenience of sleep, use a few small pillows. Put them between your knees, under the waist or as it will be convenient.
eight. Rest for half an hour after lunch.
9. Eat a balanced diet, monitor the presence of vitamins in the diet. Spinach, apples, apricots, currants, dogrose, pomegranates, buckwheat, rye bread, carrots are very useful.
Fatigue, not explained by external causes, usually indicates that the baby begins to fall ill. A child sometimes becomes weak after illness, although usually the activity of children normalizes rather quickly.
The longest child’s body recovers after some viruses, in particular remitting fever. The first signs of the disease is pain in the throat. Lackiness and weakness after such a disease can last for several months.
If the child gets tired quickly, drinks frequently and urinates plentifully, this may indicate the presence of diabetes. When combining the above symptoms with a decrease in body weight and pain in the epigastrium, you should immediately visit a doctor.
If a child recovers from a viral infection and experiences weakness, no special measures are needed to strengthen it. The body normalizes its work itself after some time. You just need to spare the child more, his activity should be feasible.
A common cause of fatigue is emotional overload. With such problems, the child may fail the work of many systems. The kid can sleep badly, be hyperactive, refuse to visit the children’s institution. May cause fatigue and lack of sleep.
If fatigue is observed in a teenager, then this may not be okay. This is quite natural: the phases of activity are replaced by phases of passivity.
There are a number of medications that can inhibit the energy of a child. If you use any medications, you need to talk to your doctor about the likely side effects.
One of the common causes of child fatigue is anemia. A blood test will give an accurate answer to the question of its availability.
Chronic infectious diseases also significantly reduce the energy of the child.
In case fatigue is combined with nosebleed, fainting, migraine-like conditions, dizziness, the patient needs to be examined.
The following methods may be prescribed, used for both adult patients and children:
- Daily blood pressure study
- Examination of the fundus,
- Scanning of vessels of the neck and head duplex transcranial,
- Conversation with a psychologist
- Tests for hormone levels, blood biochemistry, urine and blood tests, immunogram,
- Sometimes consultations with a cardiologist, a gastroenterologist and other specialists are necessary.
How to cope with this phenomenon?
one. Do not diet. No diet provides the body with all the necessary substances, hence fatigue. Without receiving enough energy from the outside, the body begins to save power. Mono-diets are especially harmful. For women, the minimum daily calories is 1200. This level depends on physical activity, age and sex. You should eat 4 times a day.
2 Have a good rest. To do this, exercise, go to bed at the same time, do not drink alcohol before bedtime.
3 A certain level of fitness should be maintained. For this exercise is required. Otherwise, the muscles “forget how” to consume oxygen and in an emergency they refuse to work.
four. Learn to relax. Modern life is full of stress, relaxation will help to recover from them. Having learned the technique of relaxation, just 10 minutes is enough for rest.
five. Enter into the diet of fresh juices of lemons, oranges, grapefruit. You can make a cocktail and dilute it with water, or you can take one of the juices. Dilute with water should be in equal parts.
6 Dried fruits, especially dates, are a wonderful source of minerals needed by the body. But they are very high in calories, so 8 – 10 units per day will be quite enough.
one. Cook in honey garlic, pound, and there is 1 tbsp. gruel with complete impotence or fatigue.
2 Take 100 grams. Astragalus herbs (not dried), add 1 l. red table wine, keep 21 days in the pantry, shaking occasionally. Pass through a sieve and drink 30 gr. in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening 30 minutes before the meal.
3 Take an empty bottle, put in it as much shredded beets as fit, do not ram, pour vodka. Keep 2 weeks in the pantry. Drink 25 ml once a day on an empty stomach. Such a tool will help relieve fatigue and regain activity.
four. 200 gr. bran fall asleep in 1 l. boiling water, boil for 60 minutes, decant through gauze. Drink 3-4 times a day on an empty stomach.
five. Finely chop celery root, add 200 ml of water at room temperature, leave for 2 hours. Divide into several doses and drink per day. Very good tones.
6 Daily drink 100 ml of freshly beet juice 3 times a day.
7 Use fresh bilberry leaves instead of tea leaves.
eight. Drink strong green tea. Replace them with any other drinks.
9. Black tea to drink with milk and honey.
ten. Drink peppermint infusion instead of tea.
eleven. Drink pomegranate juice.
12. Drink grape juice in the amount of 100 ml, dividing it into small portions: take a sip every 120 minutes.
13. Eat hare cabbage to revitalize the body.
14. Eat lotus nutritious. All parts of the plant are eaten.
15. Underground parts and flowers of saranka activates and improves the appetite. The plant can be dried, grind into flour and make cakes out of it.
sixteen. 2 tsp. Iceland moss pour 400 ml of water at room temperature, put on the fire and let boil. Immediately remove, allow to cool, pass through a sieve. Drink the amount received within 24 hours. You can make a decoction: 25 gr. raw 750 ml boiling water. Boil half an hour, pass through a sieve and drink for a day.
17 Grind 12 lemons with a crust, mix with a few slices of grated garlic, put in 0.5 l. bottle. Add water at room temperature to the top. Under the lid to keep four days in the closet. After that, rearrange the cold. Drink 1 tbsp. in the morning 20 minutes before the meal.
18. Take 24 lemons, 0.4 kg of garlic. Garlic through the garlic press, from the lemons make juice, combine everything and put in a glass bottle. Cover with a rag. Drink once a day with a teaspoonful of warm water.
nineteen. 1 tbsp. Astragalus fluffy flowering pour 200 ml of boiling water, hold for 3 hours, use 2 tbsp. 4 – 5 times a day, 60 minutes before meals.
20. 2 tbsp. mountaineer bird fill 1 l. boiling water and keep 120 minutes. Pass through a sieve, put honey and use 200 ml three times a day on an empty stomach.
21. 3 tbsp. leaves of black currant pour two cups of boiling water for two hours. Drink 100 ml three to five times a day before meals.
22 Make an infusion of red clover flowers. Drink instead of tea with impotence.
23. Two tablespoons of finely chopped wild carrot roots pour 500 ml boiling water. After 2 hours, pass through a sieve and use 100 ml three times a day.
24 Take 3 tbsp. finely chopped straw oats, pour 400 ml of boiling water. Hold until cool. Drink for a day.
25 2 teaspoons of juniper cones pour 400 ml of water at room temperature, hold for 2 hours, pass through a sieve. Drink 1 tablespoon 3 – 4 times a day.
26 2 tbsp. grass moon grass brew 500 ml of boiling water, hold for 60 minutes. Pass through a sieve and drink 50 – 70 ml three times a day 60 minutes before meals.
27. 1 tbsp. nasturtiums (green parts) brew 200 ml boiling water, keep 60 – 120 minutes, use 2 tbsp. three times a day on an empty stomach.
28 3 tsp. Pikulnik herbs pour 400 ml boiling water, hold for 60 – 120 minutes, pass through a sieve and use 100 ml warm three times a day on an empty stomach.
29. Dry the underground parts of Rhodiola Rosea, grind and add alcohol (70%) in proportion: 10 gr. raw materials 100 ml of alcohol. Drink 15 – 20 drops three times a day.
thirty. 50 gr. dry Hypericum pour 500 ml of Cahors, put for half an hour on the steam bath. Drink a tablespoon three times a day before meals for a week – one and a half.
31. Boil the potatoes in their skins, you can not dvarit a little. Consume cold decoction of 200 ml once every two days.
32. 20 gr. chicory root pour a glass of boiling water. Boil 10 minutes, pass through a sieve and use one tablespoon every 4 hours. You can pour 20 grams. fresh roots 0.1 l. alcohol. Keep 10 days in the pantry. Drink 20 drops five times a day.
33. 20 gr. Chinese schisandra fruit pour a glass of boiling water. Drink a tablespoon three times a day, slightly warmed. Before a meal or four hours after a meal.
Due to the fact that the cause of increased fatigue is often a lack of vitamins of group B, brewer’s yeast is an excellent preparation for normalizing the condition. Today they can be purchased in the convenient form of tablets or capsules. Yeast contains vitamins B1, B6, B2, B9, PP, H, E. In addition to vitamins, yeast contains essential amino acids, as well as fatty acids (linolenic, oleic and arachidonic) and trace elements: manganese, zinc, iron, magnesium, calcium.
Brewer’s yeast, thanks to a large number of biologically active substances, have a beneficial effect on the body:
- improve food digestion
- improve immunity
- strengthen the body in extreme conditions
- help to clear tissues from metabolic products,
- prevent allergic phenomena, osteoporosis, caries,
- regulate the nervous system.
The drug is indicated for adult patients, it does not cause any discomfort. The only contraindication is idiosyncrasy to brewer’s yeast.
The drug is taken for a month, after which a 15-day break is taken and one more course of treatment can be taken.
one. Take a bath with a water temperature of 37.5 degrees. You can simply hold your feet in warm water.
2 Pour water at a temperature of 45 – 50 degrees into a bucket, and water at room temperature to another. First, for 5 minutes, lower the legs into the first bucket, then for a minute into the second. Do this five times. After that, do a foot massage with cream or camphor spirit.
3 Every day, douche or wipe with cool water. The most useful to do this procedure in the morning.
four. With intellectual work it is useful to make a hot bath before bed (water temperature 42 degrees) for legs. This will help draw blood from the brain to the legs.
five. Take a bath with pine extracts. To make a homemade extract, you should collect the branches, cones and needles of conifers, add water at room temperature and boil for half an hour over low heat. Then remove from heat, cover and leave overnight. If the extract is made according to the rules, then it should be a dark chocolate color. At the adoption of one bath is quite 0.75 l. extract.
6 Mix 20 gr. leaves of black currant, 60 gr. raspberry leaves, 10 g. thyme, 10 g. woodsmith shoots. Mix well and brew with boiling water. Hold for 15 minutes, after which you can use for a bath.